According to tradition, the village Choletria ia about 500 years old. The "Agia Eirene" (St. Irene) venue was the first area where Choletria was established in very old times, which is located very close to today's village. A half-ruined, small church, the rubble of a few houses and an olive-press still exist today in this area.

The village, having being built at the foothills of the two mountains and at the banks of the Xeros River, resembled a great "choletra" (waterspout) because of the fissure and the form of the ground. It is believed that the community took its name due to this peculiarity of the area.

On the 10th of September, 1953, a powerful earthquake shook the district of Pafos and -as a result -many villages were destroyed and Choletria sustained substantial damage. In spite of the inhabitant's efforts to relocate the village in a new area, the colonial government did not show a proportional interest. Some repairs were done to houses that were damaged and a few shanties were built replacing the ruined houses -and life went on. This however led to the gradual abandonment of the community.

The winter of 1967 was very hard with repeated heavy rainfall which caused large scale landslides. The winter of 1968-69 was equally heavy and the situation worsened. There were several cases of houses that collapsed because of the landslides and the need to move the village was by then urgent. The village's inhabitants exerted pressure on the -then -government . They even went to Archbishop Makarios -the President of the Republic at the time -who gave his promise for the transfer of the village.

The operations for transferring Choletria started on the 10th of March, 1971. They stopped in July of 1974 with the invasion of the island by Turkey, beginning again on the 18th of August 1974. The operations continued intensely and on the 17th of July, 1975, the new village was supplied with electrical power and by the end of the same year all the families resettled in the new village.

The village stands 22 kilometres east of Pafos and it is built at an average altitude of 150 meters, receiving an average annual rainfall of about 480 millimetres. Grape vines of wine-making varieties, cereals, olive trees, carobs and citrus trees are cultivated in the region.

Choletria has unique natural beauty to offer to the visitor during every season of the year. In the springtime the entire region around the village is laden with wild flowers, in the summertime the deep yellow landscape of harvested fields lends another strange beauty, the autumn with its cool breeze grants a note of serenity and calmness, while in the winter you face Troodos with snow upon its mountaintops and the fog that prevails there providing a different taste of the exquisite Cypriot landscape.

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